Trang ChủSDC visitorsIt had been during Almoravid and you may Almohad minutes one Morocco obtained the name for the overseas sources

It had been during Almoravid and you may Almohad minutes one Morocco obtained the name for the overseas sources


It had been during Almoravid and you may Almohad minutes one Morocco obtained the name for the overseas sources

The new Almohads including expanded brand new waterworks which have a broader irrigation system, introducing unlock-sky canals (seguias), bringing liquid off on Highest Atlas mountains from Haouz plain. These the newest rivers desired them to introduce the amazing Menara Lawn and you may Agdal Gardens into the western and you will southern area of the city respectively.

Much of the latest Almohad structures when you look at the Marrakesh had alternatives about metropolitan areas regarding Seville (that Almohads chose as their regional money inside the al-Andalus) and you may Rabat (which they increased out-of scratch). Designers exactly who labored on these edifices have been taken out of each party of your straits, and you may go after similar habits and decorative themes, age.g. the brand new Giralda out-of Seville therefore the (unfinished) Hassan Tower out-of Rabat are often twinned having Koutobuia. It was and additionally within the Almohads one Marrakesh temporarily surged once the an intellectual cardiovascular system, attracting scholars away from afar, such as Ibn Tufayl, Ibn Zuhr, Ibn-rushd, etcetera.

Marrakesh are recognized inside the west Europe in its Latinized function “Maroch” or “Marrochio”, plus the Almohad caliphate is actually constantly described in the Latin offer as the “Kingdom from Marrakesh” (Regnum Marrochiorum)

The fresh new death of Yusuf II inside the 1224 began a time period of imbalance. elizabeth new stronghold of the Almohad tribal sheikhs while the ahl ad-dar (descendants out-of Ibn Tumart), which found so you’re able to claw electricity right back about ruling Almohad family unit members (the fresh new descendants regarding Abd al-Mu’min, who had the fuel base inside the Seville). Marrakesh try taken, shed and retaken by push several times of the a blast of caliphs and you may pretenders. One of several popular situations is new raw seizure off Marrakesh by the fresh Sevillan caliph Abd al-Wahid II al-Ma’mun into the 1226, that has been implemented upwards by the a slaughter of your Almohad tribal sheikhs in addition to their parents and you will a community denunciation off Ibn Tumart’s doctrines because of the caliph on the pulpit of your own Kasbah mosque. Once al-Ma’mun’s death when you look at the 1232, their widow made an effort to setup her child, getting the service of Almohad army chiefs and Spanish mercenaries into hope at hand Marrakesh out to her or him into sack. Reading of one’s terms, people out-of Marrakesh hurried so you can struck their own manage brand new military captains and saved the town off exhaustion that have an effective large cash payoff from 500,one hundred thousand dinars.

Regional investment

The inner Almohad battle resulted in the increasing loss of al-Andalus to help you Religious Reconquista attacks, and the rise from an alternative dynasty, new Marinids inside the northeast Morocco. An excellent Zenata clan from Ifriqiya, the fresh new Marinids found its way to Taza throughout the 1210s. Brand new Marinids ascended by the supporting additional Almohad pretenders up against both, while you are slowly accumulating fuel and you can overcoming the fresh northern on their own. Because of the 1260s, the newest Marinids had reduced the latest Almohads towards south areas doing Marrakesh.

Brand new Marinid emir Abu Yusuf Yaqub put his first siege away from Marrakesh during the 1262, nevertheless hit a brick wall. He thereupon struck a take on Abu Dabbus, brand new relative of your own Almohad caliph, to beat it in their mind. Abu Dabbus captured Marrakesh inside 1266, however, would not hand they off to brand new Marinids, pressuring Abu Yusuf Yaqub to come down and you can lay siege to they themselves. New Marinids finally seized the town in the September 1269. The Almohad remnant retreated with the Atlas stronghold out of Tinmel and you may continued starting resistance until these people were finally beaten when you look at the 1276.

The fresh new Marinids decided up against swinging their judge to Marrakesh and you will alternatively built their financial support from the Fez regarding the northern. Toppled from its highest perch, Marrakesh ceased become an imperial money, and after that supported only given that a local money of one’s south. It endured relative neglect, just like the Marinids expended its vitality into enhancing Fez or other northern towns and cities.

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